Pay rates

Data correct as at 2019/20

Next update due: 29th September 2021

The following information refers to data from the Adult Social Care Workforce Data Set (ASC-WDS) on care workers employed in the independent sector in England as at 2019/20. This report uses pay data from the 2019/20 period where the National Living Wage (NLW) was £8.21. View the report here



Downloading the visualisation and notes about the data

  • You can also download a PDF or PowerPoint version by clicking on the arrow found at the bottom right of the visualisation.
  • There are notes about the data when you hover over the ( i ) in the visualisation.
  • For information about how workforce estimates are created or rounding and suppression rules please visit our webpage on methodology.
  • If you require data that isn’t available in the visualisation or report below, please contact us.


Key findings

  • Care worker median hourly rate was £8.50 in 2019/20
  • 35% of care workers were paid on the wage floor (those on or within 9p of the NLW)
  • 58% of care workers were paid less than the next NLW
  • The average care worker was better off, in real terms, by 90p per hour in March 2020 than in September 2012
  • Around 27% of care workers were paid on or above the Real Living Wage in March 2020


Related reports 

  • Access pay information in chapter five of the 'State of' report below.
  • For data at a regional and local level please access the visualisations on the regional and local sections of this website.
  • Access specific pay information in the workforce estimates document.

Looking for something specific on pay rates?   Contact us to discuss your data requirements.


New – April 2021 National Living Wage analysis

From April 2021, the National Living Wage (NLW) will increase to £8.91 (a 19p increase from £8.72) and will be available to people aged 23 and above (down from the current age of 25).

Using Adult Social Care Workforce Data Set (ASC-WDS) data, it is estimated that 35% of the adult social care workforce (485,000 workers) are currently paid below the new NLW rates and will therefore directly benefit from this increase. Increasing the pay of these workers to the new NLW rates would increase the wage bill of the sector by £115 million.

The wage bill could increase by more than this if employers also provide pay rises to other workers in order to maintain pay differentials between roles.