Expert adult social care insight

Data and publications


Further insight, statistics and reports on key issues affecting the sector and detailed profiles of specific job roles can be found below in the 'topics' section.

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* indicates which reports are available in paper version, which you can order here.  

Thumb_SizeandstructSize and structure of the adult social care sector and workforce in England, 2018

Provides you with the most up-to-date and comprehensive overview of the size and structure of the adult social care sector and workforce in England. 




State of the adult social care sector and workforce in England, 2018

This report provides you with an indepth look at the sector and workforce including demographic information such as age, gender, pay levels and retention rates.  



LAsummary178x251Local authority area information and reports 

Detailed 2 page workforce reports and data comparison tool

Explore and discover the entire data collection at local authority area level.  152 summary reports together with a new tool to explore and compare data in a visual way. 


2 people iconWorkforce estimates

Excel spreadsheets

These spreadsheets hold data at both national and regional level. They include data on the size and structure of the workforce, recruitment and retention, employment information, demographics, pay, qualifications and training information. 



Regional reports

These nine reports tell a story about the adult social care workforce and sector for each Government office regions in England: North East, North West, Yorkshire and Humber, East Midlands, West Midlands, London, South East, South West and Eastern.


Pay report 2018 ThumbnailPay in the adult social care sector


Read the latest figures and trends around pay rates and hourly rates for care workers in the independent care sector.  We also report on and calculate the impact of the National Minimum Wage and Living Wage increases.

 Read the report

Further reports

Social workers

There are around 16,200 social workers in adult social care.

Recent data from local authorities tells us that this workforce has decreased by around 31%, with a turnover rate of 15% in 2017. 

This page now includes the new Approved Mental Health Professional workforce briefing.



Registered Nurses

Almost 42,000 nurses are now employed in adult social care and work in a variety of care settings.

Their contribution plays a vital part in a team of care staff that support people with increasingly complex needs. 






Personal assistants (PA)

There are around 240,000 adults receiving direct care payments in England. Skills for Care estimates that 70,000 of these employ their own staff.

A personal assistant (PA) is someone who is employed directly by a person who needs care and support, to enable them to live their life according to their wishes and interests.

We now collect information on this part of the workforce.




Adult social care accounted for 19% of all apprenticeship starts in 2016/17. The average age of a worker starting an apprenticeship was 35 years old. Around 170,500 people participated in social care apprenticeships in  2016/17 and 90,000 took part In any given month. 




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