Skills for Care

People employing their own support (an individual employer) should have control over how they are supported to lead a full and meaningful life. This starts with how they recruit a personal assistant.  

As an individual employer you can ensure that you’re hiring the right person, with the right values and skills. Deciding who to recruit can be based on the unique health and care needs of the individual employer, as well as who can help them to pursue their personal interests and goals.  

Individual employers looking to recruit a personal assistant will find useful advice and guidance on this page about how to get the most out of the recruitment process – be that help with asking the best questions, to making sure you do the right recruitment checks.  


A job description is a list of tasks that you would like your personal assistant to do. 

A person specification is a list of the skills, experience and personal qualities that you would like your personal assistant to have.  

If you have a care plan you may have specific requirements that you will need to think about when writing the job description and person specification. 

Think about what makes your ideal personal assistant. 

  • List the skills that you would like your personal assistant to have, for example, whether you need someone who can drive or has good communication skills. 

  • Think about their values, for example, a sense of humour, patience or being able to use their initiative. 

  • List the tasks that you would like your personal assistant to do, for example, support at work, with personal care, attending social events or making meals. 

  • You might also want to think about your own cultural and religious needs and whether you want to employ someone who understands them. 

Want to know more? 

Download a sample job description and person specification

Your job advert should include the following information – remember this is about the type of person that you want to be your personal assistant.  

Who you want to apply 

A brief description about the type of person that you want to apply. 

  • Think about what values, skills, experience and qualifications they need.  

  • Say if you want someone who has the experience or qualifications (or both) so that they can meet your needs. 

  • Is it important if the person is a man or a woman? If so, you need to make sure that you say why, for example, you want them to do intimate personal care and you want someone of the same gender. 

  • You need to be careful here because of the Equalities Act which bans unfair treatment and helps achieve equal opportunities. 

Hours, type of work and main duties 

State the days and times that you need your personal assistant to work and a summary of the type of work that you want them to do. 

Rate of pay 

You will need to pay at least the national living wage (or the national minimum wage for workers aged 24 or under). Your direct payment or personal health budget adviser or local support organisation may have information about standard hourly rates. 

General location 

Tell people where they will be working but do not give out your home address at this stage. 

Application form or curriculum vitae (CV)? 

Tell people how you want them to apply, for example, by completing an application form or sending you a copy of their CV. This is your choice, and you could ask them to do both. 

Download the application form template.

Closing date for applications 

Choose a closing date that gives people enough time to see and apply for the job. A minimum of two weeks is usual. 

Disclosure and Barring Service (DBS) check (previously CRB checks) 

It is important that you are clear in the advertisement whether you want people to go through a DBS check before they start work. It is usually a good idea to do one so that you know whether people have a criminal conviction. For more information, scroll down to the ‘Do the right checks’ section. 

Other information 

Give any other information about what is important to you, for example, if they must be a non-smoker or a driver for example. 


Say that you will ask for references. It is usual to ask for two. 

Contact details for further information 

Tell people how they can contact you to find out more. Do not give out your personal address, telephone number and email address on a job advert. 

Your direct payment or personal health budget adviser, local support organisation or Jobcentre Plus may be able to accept applications on your behalf. 

You could set up a PO Box and have the applications sent there, but you will need to pay a fee for this service. Visit the Royal Mail website to find out more. 

See ways that you can advertise for a personal assistant. Your direct payment or personal health budget adviser or local support organisation may have other helpful suggestions. 

  • Personal assistant register
    A list of personal assistants that are available for work. They can also be used by individual employers who are looking to hire a personal assistant. Your local council or user led organisation might run a register. Find their details
  • Word of mouth
    You may know someone who would be interested in being your personal assistant. Before you ask them, it is important to think about how an employer/employee relationship may affect your personal relationship. 
  • Local shops or places you like to go
    Advertise on their notice boards. This could reach people in your area that have a similar interest as you. 
  • Online
    Advertise on the ‘Advertise a job’ website, which is a free online job advertising service. Or using social media, like Instagram and Facebook. There may be other suitable websites – ask your direct payment or personal health budget adviser or local support organisation for advice. 
  • Support organisations 
    Local support organisations may advertise jobs on their website. Contact them for more information.

    Find your local support organisations on the ‘Find support’ section of our website.
  • Local college or university
    You could advertise for students through your local college or university. Remember that some students go home when they are on a break from university, and you need to consider how this could impact you. You could ask them about this in the application process. 
  • Jobcentre Plus
    Your local Jobcentre Plus will advertise your job for free and will often help you to write the advert. 


This is often called ‘shortlisting’ because you are making a short list of all of the applications that you have received. 

After the closing date, look through the application forms or CVs and decide who you want to interview. 

You could use the job description and person specification to rate the applications and shortlist the ones that most closely fit the job and the type of person that you want. 

You must make sure that this is fair, and you do not discriminate against anyone on the grounds of protected characteristics, for example, their age, race, gender or sexual orientation. 

ACAS has a useful booklet called ‘Delivering equality and diversity’ - the section on recruitment and selection is particularly helpful. You can also call ACAS on 0300 123 1100 for free and confidential advice. 

The people that you choose to interview are often called candidates. 

Once you have made your decision, you can contact the candidates and ask them to attend an interview. 

Download a the ‘Letter inviting people for an interview’ template. 

Interviewing can be as nervous for you as it is for the person that you are interviewing, so here is a step by step process to guide you through it. 

  • Where should the interview take place? 
    It is better to do the interviews away from your home if possible. Your direct payment or personal health budget adviser, local Jobcentre Plus, local library or a support organisation may be able to provide a room that you can use. 
  • Prepare for the interview 
    Arrange a venue and, if required, arrange for someone to support you. Prepare a list of questions that you want to ask each candidate, for example, about what they are like as a person, their work experience, their qualifications and why they want to work for you. It is also a good idea to think of a particular situation that is relevant to you and ask them how they would deal with it. 
  • Do not interview alone 
    It is a good idea to ask a friend, mediator or your direct payment or personal health budget adviser to do the interviewing with you. It is always good to have another opinion, but do not let the other person influence your decision making – you make the final decision. 
  • Allow time between interviews 
    Take a break between interviews and make some notes of the answers to your questions. This will help you to remember each candidate and make your decision about who to offer the job to. 
  • Do not rush a decision 
    If you are not sure who to offer the job to, sleep on it, ask for more information, or even re-interview. If you did not think that anyone was good enough, then you can re-advertise and interview different people. 

Want more information? 

The Government also has practical advice to help you to employ people, on their website.  

Once you have decided who you want to employ, contact them and offer them the job. 

Download the ‘Letter offering the job’ template. 

Tell them that you will first need to check their references and carry out any other checks (for example, a DBS check). Make sure that you give enough time between offering the job and start date to enable you to carry out the checks. Scroll down to find out more in the ‘Do the right checks’ section. 

Informing unsuccessful candidates 

Once your preferred person has accepted the job, send a letter to the people that you interviewed who did not get the job (you do not need to phone them). 

Download the ‘Letter turning down an applicant’ template.  

They may want to have some feedback on their performance during the interview. If you are asked this, use your notes from the interview to provide feedback – it is always useful to provide some positive feedback but also areas in which they could improve for their next interview. 

There are some checks that you need to do before someone starts working for you. 


Candidates should supply references when they apply for the job. They are the name and contact details of someone that knows them, usually a previous employer. 

They help you to make sure that the information that people have told you is correct. It is also good to have the opinion of someone who already knows the person that you want to employ. You can ask for a reference in writing and by telephone. 

  • Request a reference in writing 
    This is the best way to get the most information. You can ask specific questions and send a copy of the job description, so that you are sure that the referee (the person giving the reference) understands what the job involves. 
  • Request a reference by phone 
    This is quicker than waiting for letters and referees may be prepared to say things over the phone that they would not write down. But a quick phone call may not allow the referee to think about what the job involves. It is a good idea to follow up a telephone reference with a written reference. 

NOTE: If you are handed a reference by the person you interview or receive one by post before you have requested it, always follow it up with a phone call. 

Disclosure and Barring Service (DBS) 

DBS checks help you to know whether people have a criminal conviction and should only be done for a successful job applicant. Most applications take between 2 - 4 weeks. Your local authority, direct payment or personal health budget adviser or local support organisation may be able to help you to arrange a DBS check.

Cost£23.00 for a standard DBS check or £40.00 for an enhanced check (correct at 1 October 2019); there may also be a small administration fee 


Want more information?

Visit the Government website for more information about DBS checks or 0300 0200 190, email

Right to work check 

Before you offer someone the job you need to check that they have the legal right to work in the UK. You should check and keep copies of certain documents before your personal assistant starts. 

The documents that you need to check will depend on the type of worker that you are employing, but usually include a British or European passport, birth certificate confirming that they were born in the UK or Republic of Ireland and letter from the Home Office confirming that they have a legal right to work in the UK. 

Visit the Government website for more information about right to work checks. 


Want more information?


ACAS recommends that recruitment records should be kept for a period of time, such as six months, in case of any discrimination challenge. 

You should keep these records confidential and in a secure place. 

Visit the ACAS website for more information about keeping records or call their confidential helpline on 0300 123 1100 (Text Relay 18001 0300 123 1100). 


Widen your talent pool

Skills for Care has other information about attracting a diverse range of people to your vacancy. People from all backgrounds can have the right values to work in social care and bring with them a wealth of perspectives, ideas and 'lived experience'.

Widen your talent pool


PDF - 2.7Mb
Download the Easy Read version of the Recruiting a PA booklet.




Taking on a PA to support you at work

This website from Sheffield Hallam University and the University of York, will help you recruit and train a personal assistant to support you at work.